Barabe brought together a team of scientists with a variety of specialties, and they ran the Gospel through an intensive analysis of microscopy and spectroscopy.
My hand has found, as though a bird's nest, the riches of the peoples.Like someone collecting deserted eggs, I have collected the whole world while no one has fluttered a wing or opened a beak to squawk.' Does the axe claim more credit than the man who wields it, or the saw more strength than the man who handles it?National Geographic also commissioned other analyses of the Gospel, including radiocarbon dating, script analysis and linguistic style.Barabe hit the books, looking for other studies on early Egyptian inks.As though a staff controlled those who raise it, or the club could raise what is not made of wood!
I have the privilege - and the joy - of proclaiming the Bible readings for daily Mass to tens of thousands around the world.
The document was written in two inks — black and brown — mixed together.
The black was an ink called "lamp black," which was consistent with the inks used in Egyptian writings from ancient times and into the third century, Barabe said. It was an iron-rich ink called iron gall, but it lacked the sulfur usually found in inks of this sort. "One thing that made this a little bit more dramatic than we would have liked is, we did the sampling in the third week of January of 2006, and the press conference was already scheduled for the third week in April of that same year," Barabe said.
As part of a 2006 National Geographic Society (the Society) investigation of the document, microscopist Joseph Barabe of Mc Crone Associates in Illinois and a team of researchers analyzed the ink on the tattered gospel to find out if it was real or forged.
Some of the chemicals in the ink raised red flags — until Barabe and his colleagues found, at the Louvre Museum, a study of Egyptian documents from the third century A. "What the French study told us is that ink technology was undergoing a transition," Barabe told Live Science.
The chemical composition of inks used can reveal the difference between something authentically ancient and a forgery.