The many historic sites in Boston span nearly four centuries of history.The following is an overview of the history of Boston: Early Boston was a hilly peninsula originally inhabited by the Massachusetts tribe of Native Americans who have lived in the area since 2400 BC.
A few years later in 1636, Hutchinson’s rebellious ways helped incite the Antinomian Controversy, a religious and political controversy that resulted in her banishment from the colony.In 1643, the four colonies formed a military alliance, known as the New England Confederation, to help defend themselves from Native American attacks.William Blackstone learned about the new settlers troubles through his Native American friends in the area.Winthrop went to visit Blackstone, whom he had attended Cambridge University with in England, and Blackstone invited Winthrop and the Massachusetts Bay colony to live on the Shawmut peninsula.In 1614, explorer Captain John Smith sailed to the Massachusetts Bay and befriended the tribe living in the area.
Two years later he published a map of the area and named it New England to make it more appealing to English colonists.
By 1618, more than two thirds of the Massachusetts Indians living in the area were wiped out by yellow fever and small pox brought by European traders. After a settlement known as the Gorges colony failed in Weymouth, Massachusetts in 1623, almost all of the colonists returned to England, except for one, Reverend William Blackstone.
Blackstone, an Anglican clergymen, moved from Weymouth to Shawmut in the area that is now Beacon Hill. Blackstone (also spelled Blaxton) built a cabin near a fresh water spring, at what is now the intersection of Charles street and Beacon street, and lived isolated and alone.
When the charter was issued, it failed to say that the governor and officers of the company were required to stay in England.
The Puritans used this omission to move the company and its members to New England to establish a religious community they called “the holy commonwealth,” which was also known as the Massachusetts Bay colony.
Although it was illegal at the time to settle in New England without permission from the King, the Puritans found a legal loophole that they used to their advantage.