In general, shares of living in the parental home were above the national average in areas where the cost of living was relatively high, in areas with high proportions of immigrants, or both, although other reasons could also account for variation across the country.Eight of the 10 census metropolitan areas with shares of young adults in the parental home exceeding that of Canada (42.3%) were in Ontario, the highest of which was Toronto (56.3%).For people in their late twenties, 45.7% were part of couples in 2011, a drop from 68.3% thirty years earlier.
Young adults may live with their parents as a source of emotional or financial support.More specifically, possible reasons for which young adults in their twenties remain in or return to the parental home include not being part of a couple (which may be the result of relationship breakdown), cultural preferences, cost of housing, pursuit of higher education or difficulty finding employment.In contrast, in 1981, 8.4% of adults aged 20 to 24 were in common-law unions and 28.0% were married (Figure 2).Despite the overall larger share of adults in their early twenties who were common-law partners compared to married spouses, the proportion of 20- to 24-year-olds that lived common-law has been falling since 2001, when it was 13.1%.In several municipalities (census subdivisions) within the Toronto Additionally, living at home for young adults was higher than the national average in Vancouver, British Columbia (46.7%) and Winnipeg, Manitoba (43.3%).
The census metropolitan areas with the smallest shares of young adults living with their parents were Sherbrooke, Quebec (25.5%), Saskatoon, Saskatchewan (27.6%) and Moncton, New Brunswick (27.7%).
Among young adults aged 20 to 24, 59.3% lived in the parental home, about the same as in 2006 (59.5%), but higher than the 41.5% who did so in 1981.
For 25- to 29-year-olds, one-quarter (25.2%) lived with their parents in 2011, up slightly from 24.7% in 2006, and more than double the 11.3% share in 1981.
Young men are more likely to live at home than young women.
In 2011, 46.7% of men in their twenties lived in the parental home compared to 37.9% of women in this age group.
The 2011 Census of Population showed that 42.3% of the 4,318,400 young adults aged 20 to 29 lived in the parental home, This proportion changed little from 2006 (42.5%).