A majority of Uzbeks are non-denominational Muslims.
Following the death of Islam Karimov in 2016, the second president – Shavkat Mirziyoyev started a new course, which was described as a A Quiet Revolution and Revolution from Above.
Uzbekistan has a rich and diverse natural environment.However, decades of questionable Soviet policies in pursuit of greater cotton production have resulted in a catastrophic scenario with the agricultural industry being the main contributor to the pollution and devastation of both air and water in the country.Following the breakup of the Soviet Union, it declared independence as the Republic of Uzbekistan on 31 August 1991.Uzbekistan has a diverse cultural heritage due to its storied history and strategic location.In September 2017, the country's currency became fully convertible in the market rates.
Uzbekistan is a major producer and exporter of cotton.
Its official language is Uzbek, a Turkic language written in the Latin alphabet and spoken natively by approximately 85% of the population.
Russian has widespread use; it is the most widely taught second language.
Since the 1960s, the decade when the overuse of the Aral Sea water began, it has shrunk to less than 50% of its former area and decreased in volume threefold.
Reliable, or even approximate data, have not been collected, stored or provided by any organization or official agency.
Uzbeks constitute 81% of the population, followed by Russians (5.4%), Tajiks (4.0%), Kazakhs (3.0%), and others (6.5%).